Ximenia caffra Sond.
var. natalensis Sond.

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Common names: Munhengeni (Shona) Mutengeni (Shona) Mutsvanzva (Shona) Sourplum (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
See var. caffra for general description. This variety is distinguished by the entirely hairless leaves and branchlets, even when young. It is largely restricted to South Africa but has been recorded from the extreme south of Zimbabwe.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: from Kaffraria, or South Africa; natalensis: of Natal
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cigaritis natalensis (Food plant)
Axiocerses amanga amanga (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 12 April 2007

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 197.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 235.

Garcia, J.G. (1963). Olacaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 331.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 65.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 90.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 128 - 129.

Other sources of information about Ximenia caffra var. natalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ximenia caffra var. natalensis
Flora of Malawi: Ximenia caffra var. natalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Ximenia caffra var. natalensis
Flora of Zambia: Ximenia caffra var. natalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ximenia caffra
African Plant Database: Ximenia caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ximenia caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ximenia caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ximenia caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ximenia caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ximenia caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Ximenia caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ximenia caffra
Plants of the World Online: Ximenia caffra
Tropicos: Ximenia caffra
Wikipedia: Ximenia caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ximenia caffra var. natalensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=121600, retrieved 30 May 2024

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