Xylopia gracilipes D.M. Johnson & N.A. Murray

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Synonyms: Xylopia holtzii sensu auct.
Xylopia parviflora sensu auct.
Common names: Bushveld bitterwood (English) Few red-fingers (English)
Status: Native
Tall straight-stemmed tree with a sparingly branched crown. Bark pale grey, smooth; branches reddish-brown, hairy when young. Leaves alternate, narrowly oblong to elliptic, up to 11 × 4.5 cm, thinly textured, often greyish-green, hairless above, more densely appressed hairy below. Flowers solitary or 2 together, axillary, yellow or greenish with long an narrow petals. Fruit of 1-10 cylindric to somewhat obovoid carpels, up to c. 3.5 cm long, sometimes slightly constricted between the seeds, hairless.
Notes: Note: similar to Xylopia odoratissima from Western Zimbabwe but the distribution does not overlap.
Derivation of specific name: gracilipes: from Latin gracilis, graceful, slender and pes, a foot, referring to the slender pedicels of the flowers which separate this species from the related Xylopia odoratissima complex.
Habitat: Occurring in evergreen forest and riverine fringe forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania through Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and north-eastern South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 209.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 23.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Johnson, D.M. & Murray, N.A. (2018). A revision of Xylopia L. (Annonaceae): the species of Tropical Africa Phytokeys 97 Pages 113 - 119. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 17.

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Annonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 135 - 138. As Xylopia holtzii (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 40.

Other sources of information about Xylopia gracilipes:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Xylopia gracilipes

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Xylopia gracilipes
African Plant Database: Xylopia gracilipes
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Xylopia gracilipes
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylopia gracilipes
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Xylopia gracilipes
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Xylopia gracilipes
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylopia gracilipes
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylopia gracilipes
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Xylopia gracilipes
Plants of the World Online: Xylopia gracilipes
Tropicos: Xylopia gracilipes
Wikipedia: Xylopia gracilipes

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xylopia gracilipes.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123880, retrieved 22 May 2024

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