Xylopia parviflora (A. Rich.) Benth.

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Synonyms: Xylopia antunesii var. shirensis Engl. & Diels
Xylopia holtzii Engl.
Common names: Bushveld bitterwood (English) Few red-fingers (English)
Status: Native
Tall straight-stemmed tree with a sparingly branched crown. Bark pale grey, smooth; branches reddish-brown, hairy when young. Leaves alternate, narrowly oblong to elliptic, up to 11 × 4.5 cm, thinly textured, often greyish-green, hairless above, more densely appressed hairy below. Flowers solitary or 2 together, axillary, yellow or greenish with long an narrow petals. Fruit of 1-10 cylindric to somewhat obovoid carpels, up to c. 3.5 cm long, sometimes slightly constricted between the seeds, hairless.
Notes: Note: similar to Xylopia odoratissima from Western Zimbabwe but the distribution does not overlap.
Derivation of specific name: parviflora: small-flowered
Habitat: Occurring in evergreen forest and riverine fringe forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From the Sudan, Uganda and Kenya South to Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Limpopo South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 209.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 23.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 17.

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Annonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 135 - 138. As Xylopia holtzii (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 40.

Other sources of information about Xylopia parviflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Xylopia parviflora
Flora of Mozambique: Xylopia parviflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Xylopia parviflora
African Plant Database: Xylopia parviflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Xylopia parviflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylopia parviflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Xylopia parviflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Xylopia parviflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Xylopia parviflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Xylopia parviflora
iNaturalist: Xylopia parviflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylopia parviflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylopia parviflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Xylopia parviflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Xylopia parviflora
Plants of the World Online: Xylopia parviflora
Tropicos: Xylopia parviflora
Wikipedia: Xylopia parviflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xylopia parviflora.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123880, retrieved 6 October 2022

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