Philenoptera nelsii (Schinz) Schrire

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Philenoptera nelsii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Main Camp to Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Philenoptera nelsii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Main Camp to Sinamatella, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dalbergia nelsii Schinz
Lonchocarpus nelsii (Schinz) Schinz ex Heering & Grimme
Common names: Apple-leaf lance-pod (English) Kalahari apple-leaf (English) Kalahari lance-pod (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or tree. Bark yellowish-grey, smooth to slightly roughish. Leaves usually unifoliolate, rarely 3-foliolate, oblong to ovate, up to 12 × 5.5 cm, stiff and leathery, usually nearly hairless above, more or less densely velvety below; margin entire. Inflorescences axillary or terminal sprays, up to 30 cm long, usually appearing before the new leaves. Flowers mauve, lilac or purplish. Pod flattened, linear, 5-9 × 1 cm, finely velvety, straw-coloured, indehiscent.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dry deciduous woodland and scrub, mostly on Kalahari sand.
Altitude range: (metres) 800 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 13 February 2010

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 94 - 95.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 242 - 243. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 223. as Lonchocarpus nelsii

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. As Lonchocarpus nelsii

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 52. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 50.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 42 - 43. as Lonchocarpus nelsii (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 70.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.

Other sources of information about Philenoptera nelsii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Philenoptera nelsii
Flora of Caprivi: Philenoptera nelsii
Flora of Zambia: Philenoptera nelsii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Philenoptera nelsii
African Plant Database: Philenoptera nelsii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Philenoptera nelsii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Philenoptera nelsii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Philenoptera nelsii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Philenoptera nelsii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Philenoptera nelsii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Philenoptera nelsii
iNaturalist: Philenoptera nelsii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Philenoptera nelsii
JSTOR Plant Science: Philenoptera nelsii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Philenoptera nelsii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Philenoptera nelsii
Plants of the World Online: Philenoptera nelsii
Tropicos: Philenoptera nelsii
Wikipedia: Philenoptera nelsii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Philenoptera nelsii., retrieved 24 March 2023

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