Abrus fruticulosus Wall. ex Wight & Arn.

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Abrus fruticulosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mazowe River, Maramba CL

Abrus fruticulosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mazowe River, Maramba CL

Abrus fruticulosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mazowe River, Maramba CL

Abrus fruticulosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mazowe River, Maramba CL

Abrus fruticulosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mazowe River, Maramba CL

Abrus fruticulosus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mazowe River, Maramba CL

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Abrus acutifolius Blume ex Miq.
Abrus precatorius L. var. villosula Miq.
Abrus schimperi Baker
Abrus schimperi Baker subsp. africanus (Vatke) Verdc.
Abrus schimperi Baker subsp. oblongus Verdc.
Hoepfneria africana Vatke
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Woody shrub up to c. 3.5 m tall. Leaves with 7-17 pairs of leaflets; leaflets oblong. Inflorescences terminal and in the upper axils, variable in length, 2-26 cm long. Corolla cream, yellow, pale purple, mauve, blue or light violet, wings usually darker than the standard, 8-14 mm long. Pods oblong to oblanceolate, 5.4-8 cm long, somewhat woody and more or less conspicuously tuberculate.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On stony river banks, hill slopes and in riverine thickets.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1260 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Benin, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, Congo Brazzaville, Gabon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, India, southeastern China and the Andaman Islands. Introduced i
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 29 February 2016
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 213 - 215. as Abrus schimperi subsp. africanus and subsp oblongus

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 278. as Abrus schimperi subsp. africanus (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 216. as Abrus schimperi subsp. africanus and subsp oblongus

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. as Abrus schimperi subsp. africanus and subsp oblongus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46. as Abrus schimperi subsp. africanus and subsp oblongus


Other sources of information about Abrus fruticulosus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Abrus fruticulosus
Flora of Mozambique: Abrus fruticulosus
Flora of Zambia: Abrus fruticulosus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Abrus fruticulosus
African Plant Database: Abrus fruticulosus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Abrus fruticulosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Abrus fruticulosus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Abrus fruticulosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Abrus fruticulosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Abrus fruticulosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Abrus fruticulosus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Abrus fruticulosus
Plants of the World Online: Abrus fruticulosus
Tropicos: Abrus fruticulosus
Wikipedia: Abrus fruticulosus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Abrus fruticulosus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131300, retrieved 5 March 2024

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