Rhynchosia hirta (Andrews) Meikle & Verdc.

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Rhynchosia hirta

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Rhynchosia hirta

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Rhynchosia hirta

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Rhynchosia hirta

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Rhynchosia hirta

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cyanospermum tomentosum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
Cylista albiflora Sims
Cylista tomentosa Roxb.
Dolichos hirtus Andrews
Rhynchosia albiflora (Sims) Alston
Rhynchosia cyanosperma Baker
Rhynchosia tomentosa (Roxb.) Baill.
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust climber 2-8 m long with stems covered in short reddish-brown hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate; terminal one ovate to rhombic, 5-18 cm long; lateral ones obliquely ovate, 4-13 cm long, sparsely pubescent above, pubescent to thickly grey-velvety beneath, rarely rusty hairy beneath; petiole 7-10 cm long; stipules elliptic-lanceolate, 1.2-1.4 cm long. Inflorescences 7-35 cm long, sometimes branched, densely reddish-brown velvety. Flowers greenish-cream to orange or pinkwith red or purplish veining, persistent and turning brick-red. Pods twisted, 1.5-3 cm long, densely grey velvety with blue seeds, remaining attached to the pod.
Derivation of specific name: hirta: hairy
Habitat: Grassland, Brachystegia woodland, along forest margins and occasionally on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1740 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, northeastern South Africa, Mascarene Islands, India and Sri Lanka.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 January 2016

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 71.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 226.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 173 - 174.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 63.

Other sources of information about Rhynchosia hirta:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Rhynchosia hirta
Flora of Malawi: Rhynchosia hirta
Flora of Mozambique: Rhynchosia hirta
Flora of Zambia: Rhynchosia hirta
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Rhynchosia hirta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhynchosia hirta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhynchosia hirta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia hirta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhynchosia hirta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rhynchosia hirta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia hirta
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia hirta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhynchosia hirta
Plants of the World Online: Rhynchosia hirta
Tropicos: Rhynchosia hirta
Wikipedia: Rhynchosia hirta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhynchosia hirta.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131710, retrieved 30 May 2024

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