Rhynchosia totta (Thunb.) DC.
var. fenchelii Schinz

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Synonyms: var. venulosa (Hiern) Verdc.
Dolicholus venulosus Hiern
Rhynchosia filicaulis Welw. ex Baker
Rhynchosia hirsuta Schinz
Rhynchosia mollis Burtt Davy, non DC. nom. illegit.
Rhynchosia remota Conrath
Rhynchosia totta (Thunb.) DC. var. venulosa (Hiern) Verdc.
Rhynchosia venulosa (Hiern) K. Schum.
Common names:
Status: Native
Climbing or twining herb, with slender stems, 0.2–1 m long, from a tuberous rootstock. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets narrowly elliptic-oblong to elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, up to 8 cm long (in this variety), pubescent to densely velvety, obscurely gland-dotted; venation usually prominent and reticulate, particularly beneath, usually pale and yellowish, at least in dried specimens; petiole 0.7–3 cm long;; petiolules 0.5–1.5 mm long; stipules lanceolate, 2.5–6 mm long. Flowers solitary to few in very lax inflorescences; peduncle 1.3–3.5 cm long; bracts ovate or lanceolate, c. 1–5 mm long Calyx pubescent to silky hairy; tube 2 mm long; lobes lanceolate, 2.5–8 mm long, the lowest usually the longest. Standard yellow, flushed reddish, obovate, 7–12(14) mm long, hairless or rarely pubescent; wings yellow; keel greenish-yellow. Pods falcate-oblanceolate, 15–37 mm, narrowed below, apiculate, covered with rather long and shorter pubescence or silky hairy.
Notes: This is the most widespread variety of this highly variable species
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In various types of woodland, Acacia thickets, wooded grassland, dambos and floodplain grasslands, usually on heavy alluvial or sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 72. As Rhynchosia totta var venulosa

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 226. as Rhynchosia totta venulosa

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 267. (Includes a picture).

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 205 - 207.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 63. As Rhynchosia totta

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 71.

Other sources of information about Rhynchosia totta var. fenchelii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rhynchosia totta var. fenchelii
Flora of Malawi: Rhynchosia totta var. fenchelii
Flora of Mozambique: Rhynchosia totta var. fenchelii
Flora of Zambia: Rhynchosia totta var. fenchelii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhynchosia totta
African Plant Database: Rhynchosia totta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhynchosia totta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia totta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhynchosia totta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rhynchosia totta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia totta
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia totta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhynchosia totta
Plants of the World Online: Rhynchosia totta
Tropicos: Rhynchosia totta
Wikipedia: Rhynchosia totta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhynchosia totta var. fenchelii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131910, retrieved 18 June 2024

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