Toona ciliata M. Roem.

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Toona ciliata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Toona ciliata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Toona ciliata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunker's Hill, Harare

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Synonyms: Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Rottler & Willd.
Toona australis (F. Muell.) Harms
Toona microcarpa (C. DC.) Harms
Common names: Cedrela (English) Indian mahogany (English) Red cedar (English) Toon tree (English)
Frequency: Locally common.
Status: Introduced
Tree to 25 m. Leaves usually paripinnate, occasionally imparipinnate. Leaflets 10-14 pairs, lanceolate or lanceolate-elliptic, up to 15 × 5 cm, tapering from near the base to the long narrow attenuate-acuminate apex. Petiolules c.5 mm. Pockets of hairs (domatia) present in the axils of the lower lateral nerves on the lower surface. Capsule 1.5-2 cm.
Notes: Commonly cultivated in gardens and as a street tree and frequently escaping into wild areas.
Derivation of specific name: ciliata: fringed with hairs; ciliate
Habitat: On waste ground and in damp places e.g. along stream sides and river banks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep-Oct
Worldwide distribution: Asia and Australia
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Glen, H.F. (2002). Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa. Page 217.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62.

Other sources of information about Toona ciliata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Toona ciliata
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Toona ciliata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Toona ciliata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Toona ciliata
African Plant Database: Toona ciliata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Toona ciliata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Toona ciliata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Toona ciliata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Toona ciliata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Toona ciliata
JSTOR Plant Science: Toona ciliata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Toona ciliata
Plants of the World Online: Toona ciliata
Tropicos: Toona ciliata
Wikipedia: Toona ciliata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Toona ciliata., retrieved 28 May 2024

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