Erythrococca polyandra (Pax & K. Hoffm.) Prain

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Erythrococca polyandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Tsetsera, Manica

Erythrococca polyandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Tsetsera, Manica

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Synonyms: Claoxylon polyandrum Pax & K. Hoffm
Common names: Forest red-berry (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree with long arching branches. Leaves alternate, elliptic to ovate, up to 13 × 7 cm, thinly textured dark green, sometimes purple-tinged, hairless except for sparse hairs on the veins when young, single-veined from the base; apex with a long driptip; base rounded with several small orange glands; margin with shallow, irregular glandular teeth. Flowers unisexual on different trees small, greenish; female flowers in few-flowered axillary clusters on peduncles up to 3 cm long; male flowers in very slender few-flowered racemes. Fruit 2-lobed, 5-9 mm in diameter, drying purplish, dehiscent. Seeds covered in an orange-red aril.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 200 - 1980 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Equatorial Guinea, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 2 May 2008

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 503. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 173 - 174.

Other sources of information about Erythrococca polyandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Erythrococca polyandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrococca polyandra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Erythrococca polyandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrococca polyandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrococca polyandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrococca polyandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrococca polyandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrococca polyandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrococca polyandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrococca polyandra
Ispot Southern Africa: Erythrococca polyandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrococca polyandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrococca polyandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrococca polyandra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erythrococca polyandra
Tropicos: Erythrococca polyandra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Erythrococca polyandra., retrieved 22 October 2018

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