Erythrococca trichogyne (Müll. Arg.) Prain
var. trichogyne

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Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, nr main rd

Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, nr main rd

Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, nr main rd

Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne

Photo: Mark Hyde
Bushman's Point, Lake Chivero RP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Claoxylon lasiococcum Pax
Claoxylon mildbraedii Pax
Claoxylon trichogyne Müll. Arg.
Erythrococca hirta Pax
Erythrococca lasiococca (Pax) Prain
Erythrococca ledermanniana Prain
Erythrococca mildbraedii (Pax) Prain
Erythrococca stolziana Pax & K.Hoffm.
Common names: Red twin-berry (English) Twin red-berry (English)
Status: Native
Much-branched shrub or small tree. Bark yellowish-grey smooth wen young, somewhat rough when older. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate, usually c. 3 × 1.5 cm, sometimes larger, dull green to yellowish-green, thinly textured, sparsely hairy and somewhat rough on both surfaces; margin with irregular glandular teeth. Flowers in small axillary branched heads, very small, pale yellow, bisexual on different trees. Fruit 1-2-lobed, c. 5 × 10 mm, splitting to leave the seeds attached to the branch. Seeds covered in an orange-red aril, resembling a berry.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In riverine thickets and bushclumps on termite mounds and rocky outcrops and in high rainfall Brachystegia woodland and forest fringes.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, eastern DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi. Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 21 October 2011

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 446. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16. As Erythrococca trichogyne

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 503. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 21. As Erythrococca hirta

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252. As Erythrococca trichogyne

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 170 - 171.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 56.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 86 - 87.

Other sources of information about Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne
Flora of Malawi: Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne
Flora of Mozambique: Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne
Flora of Zambia: Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrococca trichogyne
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrococca trichogyne
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrococca trichogyne
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrococca trichogyne
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Erythrococca trichogyne
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrococca trichogyne
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrococca trichogyne
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrococca trichogyne
Plants of the World Online: Erythrococca trichogyne
Tropicos: Erythrococca trichogyne
Wikipedia: Erythrococca trichogyne

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Erythrococca trichogyne var. trichogyne., retrieved 29 May 2024

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