Acalypha indica L.

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Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Acalypha indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acalypha bailloniana Müll. Arg.
Acalypha chinensis Benth.
Acalypha cupamenii Dragend.
Acalypha decidua Forssk.
Acalypha somalensis Pax
Acalypha somalium Müll. Arg.
Acalypha spicata Forssk.
Cupamenis indica (L.) Raf.
Ricinocarpus baillonianus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
Ricinocarpus deciduus (Forssk.) Kuntze
Ricinocarpus indicus (L.) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual herb, up to c. 1.2 m tall. Stems longitudinally ribbed and pubescent. Leaves rhombic-ovate, up to 7 × 5 cm, 5-veined from the base, hairless to finely velvety on both surfaces; margin toothed except near the base. Flowers in axillary spikes, unisexual on the same inflorescence. Female flowers below, held in shallowly cup-shaped bracts with toothed margins; male flowers above, very small, yellowish-green. Fruit 1.5 × 2 mm, 3-lobed, tuberculate, pubescent.
Notes: This species is part of a closely related group, including A. crenata and A. segetalis.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat: In shade along rivers, seasonal water courses and pans, at the base of rocky outcrop, often in sandy soils and disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Thoughout the Old World tropics and introduced into the warmer parts of the New World.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 May 2008

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2. As Acalypha indica bailloniana

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 87. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 79. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 206 - 207.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 55.

Other sources of information about Acalypha indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acalypha indica
Flora of Caprivi: Acalypha indica
Flora of Malawi: Acalypha indica
Flora of Mozambique: Acalypha indica
Flora of Zambia: Acalypha indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acalypha indica
African Plant Database: Acalypha indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acalypha indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acalypha indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acalypha indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acalypha indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acalypha indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acalypha indica
iNaturalist: Acalypha indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acalypha indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Acalypha indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acalypha indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acalypha indica
Plants of the World Online: Acalypha indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acalypha indica
Tropicos: Acalypha indica
Wikipedia: Acalypha indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acalypha indica., retrieved 21 January 2020

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