Euphorbia schimperiana Scheele
var. schimperiana

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Synonyms: Euphorbia ampla Hook.f.
Euphorbia dilatata A. Rich.
Euphorbia helioscopia sensu Eyles non L.
Euphorbia hochstetteriana Pax
Euphorbia kilimandscharica Pax
Euphorbia lehmbachii Pax
Euphorbia longecornuta Pax
Euphorbia monticola A. Rich.
Euphorbia preussii Pax
Euphorbia stuhlmannii Pax
Common names:
Status: Native
Much-branched annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 2 m high, completely hairless (in this variety), or pubescent with long crisped hairs at least on the stem below the leaves. Leaves sessile, usually crowded and leaving prominent scars, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, up to 15 cm long, hairless or sparsely hairy on the lower surface; margin entire. Inflorescences axillary and in terminal 3–15-branched umbels forking many times with primary rays to 15 cm long. Bracts sessile, deltoid or occasionally 3-lobed, 1–4 cm long, bracts below the umbel similar to the leaves. Flowers on peduncles 0.5–3 mm long, 2 × 2 mm with cup-shaped involucres, hairless or occasionally sparsely hairy; glands 4, spreading, transversely elliptic to kidney-shaped 1.5–2 mm wide, 2-horned with horns 0.5–1.5 mm long, green becoming brownish-red; lobes 0.5 mm long, shallowly 2-toothed at the apex, ciliate at the margin. Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel up to 5.5 mm long, deeply 3-lobed with truncate base, up to 4.5 mm wide, hairless or sparsely pilose.
Notes: See also var. pubescens and var. velutina for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: schimperiana: although several other persons named Schimper are known in botanical history most species and genera are likely named after Georg Heinrich Wilhelm Schimper (1804-1878) who collected mainly in Ethiopia.
Habitat: Along margins and in clearings in montane and submontane forest and grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 760 - 2180 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 146.

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 368 - 369.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 49.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia schimperiana var. schimperiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia schimperiana var. schimperiana
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia schimperiana var. schimperiana
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia schimperiana var. schimperiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia schimperiana
African Plant Database: Euphorbia schimperiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia schimperiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia schimperiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia schimperiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Euphorbia schimperiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia schimperiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia schimperiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia schimperiana
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia schimperiana
Tropicos: Euphorbia schimperiana
Wikipedia: Euphorbia schimperiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia schimperiana var. schimperiana., retrieved 22 June 2024

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