Monadenium lugardiae N.E. Br.

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Monadenium lugardiae

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Monadenium lugardiae

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

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Synonyms: Euphorbia lugardiae (N.E. Br.) Bruyns
Common names:
Status: Native
Succulent perennial, 10-60 cm tall. Stems glabrous, branching from the base, erect or shortly decumbent, thick, 1.5-3 cm in diameter with a diamond-shaped pattern of shallow tubercles. Tubercles c. 1.5 × 1 cm with circular leaf scars at each apex; leaf scars without prickles. Leaves c. 9 × 4 cm, subsessile, obovate, fleshy, crowded towards the apex of the stems. Cymes axillary, simple. Cyathia c. 4 × 3.5 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; gland c. 2mm tall, cream with yellow rim. Capsule c. 6 × 6 mm, with a pair of fleshy crested ridges along the sutures, exserted on a reflexed pedicel.
Derivation of specific name: lugardiae: named after Charlotte Eleanor Lugard-Howard, professional painter and plant collector who was married to Major Edward James Lugard. Both collected extensively in Botswana.
Habitat: On granite outcrops and among rocks in sandy miombo woodland and wooded grassland; also in shade on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal) and Swaziland.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 23 October 2015

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 449 - 450. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 58.

Other sources of information about Monadenium lugardiae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Monadenium lugardiae
Flora of Mozambique: Monadenium lugardiae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium lugardiae
African Plant Database: Monadenium lugardiae
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Monadenium lugardiae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium lugardiae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium lugardiae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monadenium lugardiae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monadenium lugardiae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium lugardiae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Monadenium lugardiae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium lugardiae
Ispot Southern Africa: Monadenium lugardiae
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium lugardiae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monadenium lugardiae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium lugardiae
The Plant List (version 1.1): Monadenium lugardiae
Tropicos: Monadenium lugardiae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Monadenium lugardiae., retrieved 17 March 2018

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