Monadenium lugardiae N.E. Br.

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Monadenium lugardiae

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Monadenium lugardiae

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

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Synonyms: Euphorbia lugardiae (N.E. Br.) Bruyns
Common names:
Status: Native
Succulent perennial, 10-60 cm tall. Stems glabrous, branching from the base, erect or shortly decumbent, thick, 1.5-3 cm in diameter with a diamond-shaped pattern of shallow tubercles. Tubercles c. 1.5 × 1 cm with circular leaf scars at each apex; leaf scars without prickles. Leaves c. 9 × 4 cm, subsessile, obovate, fleshy, crowded towards the apex of the stems. Cymes axillary, simple. Cyathia c. 4 × 3.5 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; gland c. 2mm tall, cream with yellow rim. Capsule c. 6 × 6 mm, with a pair of fleshy crested ridges along the sutures, exserted on a reflexed pedicel.
Derivation of specific name: lugardiae: named after Charlotte Eleanor Lugard-Howard, professional painter and plant collector who was married to Major Edward James Lugard. Both collected extensively in Botswana.
Habitat: On granite outcrops and among rocks in sandy miombo woodland and wooded grassland; also in shade on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal) and Eswatini.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 23 October 2015

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 449 - 450. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 58.

Other sources of information about Monadenium lugardiae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Monadenium lugardiae
Flora of Mozambique: Monadenium lugardiae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium lugardiae
African Plant Database: Monadenium lugardiae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium lugardiae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium lugardiae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium lugardiae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monadenium lugardiae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium lugardiae
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium lugardiae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium lugardiae
Plants of the World Online: Monadenium lugardiae
Tropicos: Monadenium lugardiae
Wikipedia: Monadenium lugardiae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Monadenium lugardiae., retrieved 13 June 2024

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