Glenniea africana (Radlk.) Leenh.

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Synonyms: Crossonephelis africana (Radlk.) Leenh.
Melanodiscus oblongus Radlk. ex Taub.
Common names: Double-litchi (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Bark grey to brown, smooth, becoming rough in older trees; young branchlets velvety. Leaves alternate, paripinnate with 2-3 pairs of elliptic leaflets 17 × 7 cm, more or less thinly textured, mostly hairless; third and lowest pair, if present, much smaller, near the base of the petiole, resembling large stipules. Flowers pink and yellowish, c. 4 mm in diameter, in axillary spike-like inflorescences, together appearing as a terminal head up to 20 cm long, unisexual on different trees. Fruit a subspherical berry, up to 2.5 cm long, 2-lobed, velvety, orange to golden-brown. Seed ellipsoid, flattened, without an aril.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In woodland and forest, often in rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1300 m
Flowering time:Sep - Apr
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 535. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256. As Crossonephelis africanus

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 528 - 529. As Melanodiscus oblongus (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Other sources of information about Glenniea africana:

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Flora of Mozambique: Glenniea africana

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African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Glenniea africana
African Plant Database: Glenniea africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Glenniea africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Glenniea africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Glenniea africana
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iNaturalist: Glenniea africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Glenniea africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Glenniea africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Glenniea africana
Plants of the World Online: Glenniea africana
Tropicos: Glenniea africana
Wikipedia: Glenniea africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Glenniea africana., retrieved 2 March 2024

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