Haplocoelum foliolosum (Hiern) Bullock
subsp. foliolosum

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Synonyms: Balsamea foliolosa Hiern
Haplocoelum dekindtianum (Engl.) Radlk.
Pistaciopsis dekindtiana Engl.
Common names: Northern galla-plum (English)
Status: Native
Straggling shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, grey. Leaves spirally arranged or cluster-like on short, almost spine-like spur-branchlets, paripinnate with 6-16 (usually 9-11) pairs of small subsessile leaflets, up to 2 × 1 cm, more or less oblong-elliptic, distinctly asymmetric, often notched at the apex; rhachis velvety, often narrowly winged. Flowers in small axillary clusters often appearing before the leaves, cream-coloured, inconspicuous, unisexual on different trees. Fruit subspherical, c. 15 × 15 mm., mostly hairless when ripe, orange to red, edible. Seed 1, ellipsoid, 1-1.5 cm long, chestnut-brown, enclosed in a fleshy aril.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open deciduous woodland, often on termite mounds or rocky kopjes.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jun - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC (Katanga), Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 535. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & White, F. (1990). New and noteworthy plants from the evergreen forests of Malawi Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 60(1/2) Page 83.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256. As Haplocoelum foliolosum

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 530 - 533. As Haplocoelum foliolosum (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 173.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 75.

Other sources of information about Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum
Flora of Mozambique: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum
Flora of Zambia: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Haplocoelum foliolosum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Haplocoelum foliolosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Haplocoelum foliolosum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Haplocoelum foliolosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Haplocoelum foliolosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Haplocoelum foliolosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Plants of the World Online: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Tropicos: Haplocoelum foliolosum
Wikipedia: Haplocoelum foliolosum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Haplocoelum foliolosum subsp. foliolosum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137440, retrieved 14 April 2024

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