Stadmannia oppositifolia Poir.
subsp. rhodesica Exell

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Common names: Silky-plum (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree, sometimes multi-stemmed. Bark flaking in sizeable pieces giving a mottled grey appearance. Leaves spirally arranged, paripinnate, up to 15 cm long, with 2-3 pairs of elliptic leaflets, up c. 10 × 4 cm, shiny green and hairless above, paler and minutely hairy below, leathery with midrib prominent on both sides, apex rounded, often notched; margin entire. Flowers in axillary, catkin-like racemes, greenish-cream, unisexual on the same tree. Fruit 1-3-lobed, c. 12 mm in diameter, velvety, green to red. Seeds 1 in each lobe, c. 1 cm in diameter, brown, enclosed in a olive-green to red aril.
Notes: Not listed in Endemic Plant species of Zimbabwe (Mapaura in Kirkia 18-1, 2002) but the restricted distribution of this subspecies should qualify it as a Near- Endemic.
Derivation of specific name: oppositifolia: with opposite leaves
Habitat: In rocky gorges and on kopjes.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: South-eastern Zimbabwe and eastern Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa. Subsp. oppositifolia is known from Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar and Reunion.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 540. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 52.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256. As Stadmania oppositifolia rhodesica

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 533. As Stadmania oppositifolia rhodesica

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 176.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Other sources of information about Stadmannia oppositifolia subsp. rhodesica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Stadmannia oppositifolia subsp. rhodesica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Stadmannia oppositifolia
African Plant Database: Stadmannia oppositifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Stadmannia oppositifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stadmannia oppositifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Stadmannia oppositifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Stadmannia oppositifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stadmannia oppositifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Stadmannia oppositifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Stadmannia oppositifolia
Plants of the World Online: Stadmannia oppositifolia
Tropicos: Stadmannia oppositifolia
Wikipedia: Stadmannia oppositifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Stadmannia oppositifolia subsp. rhodesica., retrieved 21 April 2024

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