Zanha golungensis Hiern

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Zanha golungensis

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Zanha golungensis

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Zanha golungensis

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Zanha golungensis

Photo: Riaan Kotze
Hartbees Nek farm, Chipinge.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Muchenya (Shona) Smooth-fruit zanha (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or tree up to 18 m high. Leaves pinnate; leaflets in 3-7 pairs, subsessile, elliptic-oblong, hairless when mature (sometimes sparsely pubescent when young); apex obtuse and often acuminate; margin crenate, shallowly dentate or entire; base othen somewhat asymmetric. Inflorescences in congested subspherical heads, 1.5-2 cm in diameter. Sepals 2-2.5 mm, greenish; petals absent. Fruit ellipsoid or nearly spherical, up to 2 × 1.5 cm long, yellow or pink, hairless.
Notes: The leaves of this species may appear to be either paripinnate or imparipinnate.
Derivation of specific name: golungensis: named from Golungo Alto in Cuanza Norte province in Angola where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat: Woodland, termite mounds and evergreen forest
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 10 August 2009

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 541. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 657 - 658.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 108.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256.

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 538. (Includes a picture).

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 58.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 95.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 432 - 433. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 502 - 503. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 225.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 535 - 536. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Zanha golungensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Zanha golungensis
Flora of Malawi: Zanha golungensis
Flora of Mozambique: Zanha golungensis
Flora of Zambia: Zanha golungensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zanha golungensis
African Plant Database: Zanha golungensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zanha golungensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zanha golungensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zanha golungensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zanha golungensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zanha golungensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Zanha golungensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zanha golungensis
Plants of the World Online: Zanha golungensis
Tropicos: Zanha golungensis
Wikipedia: Zanha golungensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Zanha golungensis., retrieved 21 May 2024

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