Impatiens salpinx Schulze & Launert

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Impatiens salpinx

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Impatiens salpinx

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Impatiens salpinx

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Locally common in suitable habitats in the Chimanimani Mts
Status: Native
Somewhat shrubby perennial herb, up to 70 cm high. Stems erect or decumbent, hairless. Leaves spirally arranged, ovate-lanceolate or more or less elliptic, 2.5-5.5 cm long, base running into the short petiole; margin finely toothed. Flowers solitary, deep red. Dorsal petal forming a hood; upper lateral petals c. 8 × 4 mm, broadly ovate-elliptic; lower lateral petals c. 5 × 4 mm, broadly ovate; spur on the lower sepal, very broadly trumpet-shaped, gradually tapering, 20-32 mm long, sharply incurved, sometimes slightly bifid at the apex.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Along water courses and in shady places, growing in wet grass among ferns.
Altitude range: (metres) 1450 - 2300 m
Flowering time:(Jun) Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Confined to the Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 17 June 2009

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 36.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 81.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 172.

Grey-Wilson, C. (1980). Impatiens of Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 195 - 196. (Includes a picture).

Launert, E. (1963). Balsaminaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Launert, E. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 36. Balsaminaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 6 - 7.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 135.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 144.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 90.

Other sources of information about Impatiens salpinx:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Impatiens salpinx

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Impatiens salpinx
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Impatiens salpinx
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Impatiens salpinx
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Impatiens salpinx
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Impatiens salpinx
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Impatiens salpinx
JSTOR Plant Science: Impatiens salpinx
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Impatiens salpinx
Plants of the World Online: Impatiens salpinx
Tropicos: Impatiens salpinx
Wikipedia: Impatiens salpinx

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Impatiens salpinx., retrieved 24 May 2024

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