Combretum adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich.

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Combretum adenogonium

Photo: Bart Wursten
300m before Umvumvumvu Gorge bridge.

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Synonyms: Combretum fragrans F. Hoffm.
Combretum ghasalense Engl. & Diels
Combretum ternifolium Engl. & Diels
Combretum tetraphyllum Diels
Common names: Four-leaved bushwillow (English) Mboza (Shona) Mufiti (Shona) Mugwabwa (Shona) Muparurapweza (Shona) Mupweza (Shona) Three-leaved combretum (English) Umbhondo omkhulu (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Leaves usually in whorls of 3-4, rarely opposite, ovate, ovate-elliptic, dark green, velvety when young, losing most hairs at maturity, 7-10 pairs of lateral veins prominent below; margin entire, sometimes wavy. Flowers greenish cream to pale yellow, in dense, often branched spikes, appearing before or with the new leaves. Fruit ovoid 25 × 35 mm, 4-winged, yellow green flushed with reddish brown, drying to light brown.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dry woodland, along the fringes of pans and vleis, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa to Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 27 June 2009

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 673. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263. As Combretum fragans

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 158 - 159. as Combretum fragrans (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 120 - 122. As Combretum fragrans (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 69. as Combretum fragrans

Other sources of information about Combretum adenogonium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum adenogonium
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Combretum adenogonium
Flora of Malawi: Combretum adenogonium
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum adenogonium
Flora of Zambia: Combretum adenogonium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum adenogonium
African Plant Database: Combretum adenogonium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum adenogonium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum adenogonium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum adenogonium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretum adenogonium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum adenogonium
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum adenogonium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum adenogonium
Plants of the World Online: Combretum adenogonium
Tropicos: Combretum adenogonium
Wikipedia: Combretum adenogonium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum adenogonium., retrieved 2 December 2023

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