5538.000 Combretum Loefl.

Description of the genus

Trees, shrubs, or woody climbers. Leaves opposite, whorled, subopposite or rarely alternate, usually entire; petiole sometimes persisting and forming a ± hooked spine. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, 4-5-merous. Calyx 4-5 (rarely more). Petals usually 4-5, variously coloured. Stamens twice as many as petals, in 1 or 2 series. Ovary inferior. Fruit 4-5-winged. A generally recognisable genus but Schrebera trichoclada in leaf looks very similar. The flowers of many species resemble those of willows (Salix species), hence their common name of Bushwillow.

Worldwide: 250 species in the tropics, excluding Australia

Zimbabwe: 36 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Coeliades forestan (Striped policeman) Food plant
Coeliades pisistratus (Two-pip policeman) Larval foodplant
Hemerophanes Hemerophanes libyra (Variegated Vapourer) Larval food plant
Pseudaphelia apollinaris (Apollo moth) Food plant
Trabala charon Larval foodplant
Combretum platypetalum subsp. oatesii

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
albopunctatum Suess.N,W
apiculatum Sond.[Agg]N,W,C,E,S
apiculatum Sond. subsp. apiculatum N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
apiculatum Sond. subsp. leutweinii (Schinz) ExellN,W,E,S
celastroides Welw. ex M.A. Lawson[Agg]N,W,C,E,S
celastroides Welw. ex M.A. Lawson subsp. celastroides N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
collinum Fresen.[Agg]N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
collinum Fresen. subsp. gazense (Swynn. & Baker f.) OkaforDescription, Image
collinum Fresen. subsp. ondongense (Engl. & Diels) OkaforDescription, Image
collinum Fresen. subsp. suluense (Engl. & Diels) Okafor
collinum Fresen. subsp. taborense (Engl.) Okafor
coriifolium Engl. & Diels[EN]E
elaeagnoides KlotzschN,W,C,EDescription, Image
engleri Schinz?
erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
goetzei Engl. & DielsN
hereroense Schinz subsp. hereroense N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
imberbe WawraN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
kirkii M.A. LawsonNDescription
microphyllum KlotzschN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
molle R.Br ex G. DonN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
obovatum F. Hoffm.NDescription, Image
padoides Engl. & DielsN,E,SDescription, Image
paniculatum Vent.EDescription, Image
patelliforme Engl. & DielsSDescription
platypetalum Welw. ex M.A. Lawson subsp. oatesii (Rolfe) ExellN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
platypetalum Welw. ex M.A. Lawson subsp. platypetalum C
psidioides Welw.[Agg]N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
psidioides Welw. subsp. dinteri (Schinz) ExellN,W,EDescription
psidioides Welw. subsp. glabrum Exell[End]N,WDescription
psidioides Welw. subsp. psidioides N,W,C,E,SDescription
schumannii Engl.W
umbricola Engl.[CR]E
zeyheri Sond.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Combretum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Combretum
Flora of Malawi: Combretum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum
Flora of Zambia: Combretum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Combretum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum
Plants of the World Online: Combretum
Tropicos: Combretum
Wikipedia: Combretum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Combretum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1007, retrieved 24 May 2024

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