Combretum apiculatum Sond.
subsp. apiculatum

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Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Jamanda Wilderness Area, Mahenye

Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Jamanda Wilderness Area, Mahenye

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Bonda (Shona) Chikukute (Shona) Mudziyaishe (Shona) Mugodo (Shona) Mugoro (Shona) Red bushwillow (English) Tsingidzi (Shona) Umbhondo (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves opposite, narrowly to broadly obovate-elliptic or ovate, often with a slender tip to an otherwise rounded apex; margin entire. Flowers in axillary spikes, creamy-green to yellow, strongly scented. Fruit 4-winged, reddish-brown when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: apiculatum: with a short sharp point (apiculate)
Habitat: In dry open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1380 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Grammodora nigrolineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 28 December 2015

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 468 - 470. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262. As Combretum apiculatum

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 129 - 132.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 229. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 54. as Combretum apiculatum

Other sources of information about Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Malawi: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum
Flora of Zambia: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum apiculatum
African Plant Database: Combretum apiculatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum apiculatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum apiculatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum apiculatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum apiculatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum apiculatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum apiculatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Combretum apiculatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum apiculatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Combretum apiculatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum apiculatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum apiculatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum apiculatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Combretum apiculatum
Tropicos: Combretum apiculatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum., retrieved 26 April 2018

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