Combretum hereroense Schinz
subsp. hereroense

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Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Mahenye rd, Ndowoyo CL.

Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense

Photo: Bart Wursten
At foot of hills just outside of Zvishavane on road to Mbalabala

Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense

Photo: Bart Wursten
At foot of hills just outside of Zvishavane on road to Mbalabala

Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense

Photo: Bart Wursten
At foot of hills just outside of Zvishavane on road to Mbalabala

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum rhodesicum Baker f.
Combretum transvaalense Schinz
Common names: Ithetshane (Ndebele) Mouse-eared combretum (English) Murovamhuru (Shona) Mutechani (Shona) Russet bushwillow (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves on short lateral twigs, narrowly to broadly elliptic or obovate, small, usually c. 3 × 2 cm, dark green to grey-green above, densely velvety below, 3-6 pairs of lateral veins indented above, prominent below; margin entire, rolled under. Flowers creamy white to pale yellow, in dense, axillary and terminal spikes. Fruit c. 20 mm in diameter, 4-winged, rich reddish brown, in the centre with golden-brown wings.
Derivation of specific name: hereroensis: from Hereroland in Namibia, inhabited by the Herero people
Habitat: In dry open woodland and wooded grassland, along the fringes of pans and vleis, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) 880 - 1460 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Uganda and Kenya south to Namibia, Botswana and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Rhinobombyx cuneata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 10 March 2023

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 675. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15. As Combretum hereroense

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9. As Combretum hereroense

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 478 - 479. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263. As Combretum hereroense

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 138 - 139. As Combretum hereroense (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 230. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 50. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 100 - 101. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 7.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 55. as Combretum rhodesicum and C. transvaalense

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.

Other sources of information about Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense
Flora of Malawi: Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense
Flora of Zambia: Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum hereroense
African Plant Database: Combretum hereroense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum hereroense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum hereroense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum hereroense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretum hereroense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum hereroense
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum hereroense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum hereroense
Plants of the World Online: Combretum hereroense
Tropicos: Combretum hereroense
Wikipedia: Combretum hereroense

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum hereroense subsp. hereroense., retrieved 20 June 2024

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