Combretum paniculatum Vent.

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Combretum paniculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Combretum paniculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Combretum paniculatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Bambagwena (Shona) Burning bush (English) Forest flame-creeper (English) Mupfurura (Shona)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
An uncommon scrambling shrub or climbing liane. It is very similar to Combretum microphyllum and differs mainly in its habitat preference and the fact that C. microphyllum always flowers before the leaves are present. The two taxa are therefore sometimes regarded as subspecies.
Derivation of specific name: paniculatum: with a branched racemose or cymose inflorescence (panicle)
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug (-Nov)
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 54 - 55. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 680. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263. As Combretum paniculatum paniculatum

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 149 - 150.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 83, plates 112 & 113

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 70.

Other sources of information about Combretum paniculatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Combretum paniculatum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum paniculatum
Flora of Zambia: Combretum paniculatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum paniculatum
African Plant Database: Combretum paniculatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum paniculatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum paniculatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum paniculatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum paniculatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum paniculatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum paniculatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Combretum paniculatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum paniculatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Combretum paniculatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum paniculatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum paniculatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum paniculatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Combretum paniculatum
Tropicos: Combretum paniculatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum paniculatum., retrieved 21 July 2019

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