Combretum zeyheri Sond.

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Combretum zeyheri

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Combretum zeyheri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum bragae Engl.
Combretum oblongum F. Hoffm.
Common names: Large-fruited bushwillow (English) Muchenja (Shona) Mupembere-kono (Shona) Muruka (Shona) Umbhondo (Ndebele) Umbula (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Leaves clustered near the ends of branches, elliptic to obovate, usually 7-10 cm, sometimes larger, yellowish green, velvety when young, losing most hairs at maturity, 7-10 pairs of lateral veins, hairtuft domatia in the axils on the undersurface; margin entire, often wavy. Flowers greenish to pale yellow with orange anthers, in axillary spikes, appearing before the new leaves, sweetly scented. Fruit large up to 8 × 8 cm, 4-winged, pale green, drying to light brown.
Derivation of specific name: zeyheri: named after Carl Zeyher, 1799 - 1858, a German naturalist
Habitat: In woodland, on rocky hillsides and sometimes along rivers.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana; tropical E and S Africa from D.R. Congo, Kenya to South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Deudorix dinochares (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 24 January 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 131.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 674. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 135 - 139. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 488 - 489. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 164 - 165. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 122 - 125. (Includes a picture).

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 22 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 56.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 70.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 285.

Other sources of information about Combretum zeyheri:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum zeyheri
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum zeyheri
Flora of Malawi: Combretum zeyheri
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum zeyheri
Flora of Zambia: Combretum zeyheri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum zeyheri
African Plant Database: Combretum zeyheri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum zeyheri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum zeyheri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum zeyheri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretum zeyheri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum zeyheri
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum zeyheri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum zeyheri
Plants of the World Online: Combretum zeyheri
Tropicos: Combretum zeyheri
Wikipedia: Combretum zeyheri

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Combretum zeyheri., retrieved 16 June 2024

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