Cussonia natalensis Sond.

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Cussonia natalensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
By main Harare/Mutare Rd west of Marondera

Cussonia natalensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
By main Harare/Mutare Rd west of Marondera

Cussonia natalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr upper dam, Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

Cussonia natalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr upper dam, Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

Cussonia natalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Harare - Mutare rd between Meacheke and Headlands

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mufenje (Shona) Mushondya (Shona) Mutobvi (Shona) Rock cabbage tree (English) Simple-leaved cabbage tree (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Small deciduous tree. Bark fissured and corky, dark grey to brown. Leaves deeply 5-lobed but not divided, up to 12 × 20 cm, hairless, shiny green, turning golden yellow in autumn; margin serrate-dentate; petiole up to 30 cm. Flowers small, greenish-yellow, borne in terminal clusters of cylindric spikes up to 15 cm long. Fruit borne along the spikes, spherical, c. 6 mm in diameter, fleshy, purple when ripe.
Notes: See C. arborea and C. spicata for leaf comparisons.
Derivation of specific name: natalensis: of Natal, South Africa
Habitat: In woodland, often in rocky places
Altitude range: (metres) 1420 - 1820 m
Flowering time:Feb - May
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal South africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 January 2016

Bamps, P. (1974). Contribution à l'étude des Araliacées africaines Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 44(1/2) Pages 112 - 113.

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978). Araliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 629 - 630.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 30.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 58. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cussonia natalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cussonia natalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cussonia natalensis
African Plant Database: Cussonia natalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cussonia natalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cussonia natalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cussonia natalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cussonia natalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cussonia natalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cussonia natalensis
iNaturalist: Cussonia natalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cussonia natalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cussonia natalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cussonia natalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cussonia natalensis
Plants of the World Online: Cussonia natalensis
Tropicos: Cussonia natalensis
Wikipedia: Cussonia natalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cussonia natalensis., retrieved 11 August 2022

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