Chrysophyllum gorungosanum Engl.

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Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

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Synonyms: Chrysophyllum boivinianum auct.
Chrysophyllum fulvum S. Moore
Common names: Brown-berry fluted-milkwood (English) Fluted milkwood (English) Muchanje (Shona) Muchanza (Shona)
Status: Native
Large evergreen tree with a long, straight stem, which is characteristically fluted. Leaves narrowly to broadly oblong-elliptic, shiny dark green and glabrous above, covered in rusty or silvery velvet hairs below. Midrib and lateral veins clearly visible; margin entire. Flowers in short, axillary clusters, whitish, densely covered by rusty hairs. Fruit ellipsoid to almost spherical, covered in dark brown hairs.
Notes: In forest situations the leaves may be confused with those of Englerophytum magalismontanum. The latter usually has narrower leaves with the lateral veins obscured by the velvet hairs on the underside.
Derivation of specific name: gorungosanum: of Mt Gorongosa in Mozambique, where the type was collected.
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Cameroon, Angola, DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 18 December 2008

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 260. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 736. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Sapotaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 213 - 214. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 62. as Chrysophyllum fulvum

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

Other sources of information about Chrysophyllum gorungosanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Flora of Mozambique: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Flora of Zambia: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
African Plant Database: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Ispot Southern Africa: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Chrysophyllum gorungosanum
Tropicos: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chrysophyllum gorungosanum., retrieved 13 December 2018

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