Strychnos usambarensis Gilg

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Strychnos usambarensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Strychnos usambarensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

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Synonyms: Strychnos micans S. Moore
Common names: Blue bitter-berry (English) Stipe-fruited strychnos (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, sometimes climbing. Leaves opposite, held in one plane, ovate to elliptic with a very distinct drip-tip, glossy dark green above, 3-5-veined from the base. Flowers very small, in axillary clusters, whitish to yellowish-green, sweetly scented. Fruits soft-shelled, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, yellow when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: usambarensis: of the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania
Habitat: In forest and rocky slopes in woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Jan - May
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 373 - 374.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 108.

Other sources of information about Strychnos usambarensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Strychnos usambarensis
Flora of Mozambique: Strychnos usambarensis
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos usambarensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos usambarensis
African Plant Database: Strychnos usambarensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strychnos usambarensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos usambarensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos usambarensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strychnos usambarensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strychnos usambarensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos usambarensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Strychnos usambarensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos usambarensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Strychnos usambarensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos usambarensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strychnos usambarensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos usambarensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Strychnos usambarensis
Tropicos: Strychnos usambarensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strychnos usambarensis., retrieved 24 March 2018

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