Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg

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Anthocleista grandiflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Anthocleista grandiflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Nyawamba, Eastern Highlands Tea Estate, Honde Valley

Anthocleista grandiflora

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Anthocleista grandiflora

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Anthocleista grandiflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden, Penhalonga

Anthocleista grandiflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden, Penhalonga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Anthocleista zambesiaca Baker
Common names: Big-leaf (English) Forest big-leaf (English) Forest fever tree (English) Gururu (Shona) Mugopogopo (Shona) Muyama (Shona) Tobacco tree (English)
Status: Native
Tall straight-stemmed evergreen tree. Leaves very large, clustered near the ends of branches, obovate-oblong, stiff and leathery. Flowers in terminal branched clusters, trumpet-shaped with reflexed petals, creamy-white with a greenish tube. Sepals 5-8 mm long, green, rounded. Corolla white with 11-13 lobes. Stamens as many as the corolla lobes, equal, with short filaments. Fruit fleshy, near-spherical, smooth.
Derivation of specific name: grandiflora: large flowered
Habitat: In riverine forest and along forest margins, often in swampy places.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: East Africa southwards to northern South Africa and the Comores.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 2 January 2019

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 23.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 176. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 787. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 541.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 329.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58. Under Loganiaceae

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 66. as Anthocleista zambesiaca

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 116.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 92.

Other sources of information about Anthocleista grandiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Anthocleista grandiflora
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Anthocleista grandiflora
Flora of Malawi: Anthocleista grandiflora
Flora of Mozambique: Anthocleista grandiflora
Flora of Zambia: Anthocleista grandiflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Anthocleista grandiflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Anthocleista grandiflora
African Plant Database: Anthocleista grandiflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Anthocleista grandiflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Anthocleista grandiflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Anthocleista grandiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Anthocleista grandiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anthocleista grandiflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Anthocleista grandiflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Anthocleista grandiflora
Plants of the World Online: Anthocleista grandiflora
Tropicos: Anthocleista grandiflora
Wikipedia: Anthocleista grandiflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Anthocleista grandiflora., retrieved 26 February 2024

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