Vitex buchananii Baker ex Gürke

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Vitex buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpunga Community Forest Camp, Moribane Forest

Vitex buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpunga Community Forest Camp, Moribane Forest

Vitex buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpunga Community Forest Camp, Moribane Forest

Vitex buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road East of Casa Banana.

Vitex buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road East of Casa Banana.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vitex radula Mildbr. ex W. Piep
Vitex volkensii Gürke
Common names: Orange-fruited fingerleaf (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Often a strong liane, sometimes a scrambling shrub or rarely a small tree. Bark grey-brown, fissured; young branches conspicuously 4-angled. Leaves mostly 5-foliolate. Leaflets elliptic to ovate-lanceolate narrowing to a long point, green and somewhat scabrid above, paler and sparsely to densely hairy below, yellow oil-glands present on both surfaces, aromatic when crushed; margin usually entire; petiolule up to 2.5 cm for the central leaflet. Flowers in lax terminal heads, white, sometimes slightly tinged violet. Fruit round, c. 8 mm in diameter, fleshy, black, covered in a distinct orange-yellow papery layer.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Buchanan_(settler).
Habitat: Occurring in patches of evergreen forest or evergreen bush clumps in high rain fall grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 75 - 76.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 184.


Other sources of information about Vitex buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vitex buchananii
Flora of Mozambique: Vitex buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Vitex buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex buchananii
African Plant Database: Vitex buchananii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vitex buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex buchananii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vitex buchananii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vitex buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vitex buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex buchananii
Ispot Southern Africa: Vitex buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex buchananii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vitex buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex buchananii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vitex buchananii
Tropicos: Vitex buchananii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vitex buchananii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148870, retrieved 26 April 2018

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