Vitex madiensis Oliv.
subsp. milanjiensis (Britten) F. White

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Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vitex epidictyodes Mildbr. ex W. Piep.
Vitex golungensis Baker
Vitex madiensis Oliv. var. epidictyodes (W. Piep.) Verdc.
Vitex madiensis Oliv. var. milanjiensis (Britten) W. Piep.
Vitex milanjiensis Britten
Vitex seineri Gürke ex W. Piep.
Vitex sp. no. 1 sensu Drummond (1975)
Common names: Rough fingerleaf (English)
Status: Native
Sometimes a shrub or small tree, often a suffrutex, less than 50 cm. Growing tips covered in long tawny hairs. Leaves digitately compound with 5 leaflets. Leaflets obovate, the lower leaflets markedly smaller, dark green above, very rough to the tough; paler below with softer hairs; apex rounded to square, often with a short and abrupt point. Flowers in axillary heads, white with a pale blue to deep mauve lip; calyx lobes densely covered in tawny hairs. Fruit ellipsoid-oblong, fleshy, pendulous on long stalks, black, often spotted white, cupped in the persistent calyx.
Notes: See subsp. madiensis for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Dense woodland on Kalahari Sand, miombo woodland, mixed deciduous woodland and wooded grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 10 September 2006

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 192.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 858. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 983.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 79.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 83 - 85.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 57.

Other sources of information about Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis
Flora of Malawi: Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis
Flora of Mozambique: Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis
Flora of Zambia: Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex madiensis
African Plant Database: Vitex madiensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex madiensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex madiensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex madiensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vitex madiensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex madiensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex madiensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex madiensis
Plants of the World Online: Vitex madiensis
Tropicos: Vitex madiensis
Wikipedia: Vitex madiensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vitex madiensis subsp. milanjiensis., retrieved 16 April 2024

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