Clerodendrum ternatum Schinz

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Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Msorodoni Farm, on rd to Mtoroshanga

Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Msorodoni Farm, on rd to Mtoroshanga

Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clerodendrum lanceolatum Gürke
Clerodendrum ternatum Schinz var. lanceolatum (Gürke) Moldenke
Common names: Dwarf cat's whiskers (English) Umalanjana (Ndebele) Umqotshanja (Ndebele)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Suffrutex growing from an extensive rhizomatous woody rootstock. Stems 1-many, up to c. 50 cm tall, unbranched or sparsely branched, woody at the base, covered in short whitish hairs. Leaves with an unpleasant smell when crushed, 3-whorled or opposite, subsessile, narrowly lanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 10 × 2.2 cm, hairy and gland-dotted below; margin with several spaced teeth in the upper half or entire. Flowers in c. 3-flowered axillary clusters, unpleasantly scented, white or creamy-white; corolla tube up to 4.5 cm long, abruptly funnel-shaped at the top; stamens mauve to deep purple, exserted up to 3.5 cm. Fruit deeply 4-lobed, c. 7 × 8 mm, black.
Derivation of specific name: ternatum: 3-whorled, referring to the leaves
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland, dry deciduous woodland and on Kalahari sand, often forming small colonies.
Altitude range: (metres) 390 - 1480 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2015

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9. As Clerodendrum ternatum ternatum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 77.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 340 - 341. under Verbenaceae (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 119 - 121.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 393. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 95. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 77.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 183.

Verdcourt, B. (1992). Verbenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 124 - 125. under Verbenaceae

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum ternatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Caprivi: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Malawi: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Zambia: Clerodendrum ternatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum ternatum
African Plant Database: Clerodendrum ternatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Clerodendrum ternatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum ternatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum ternatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clerodendrum ternatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum ternatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clerodendrum ternatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum ternatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Clerodendrum ternatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum ternatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clerodendrum ternatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum ternatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Clerodendrum ternatum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum ternatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Clerodendrum ternatum., retrieved 27 June 2019

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