Clerodendrum ternatum Schinz

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Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Msorodoni Farm, on rd to Mtoroshanga

Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Msorodoni Farm, on rd to Mtoroshanga

Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Clerodendrum ternatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clerodendrum lanceolatum Gürke
Clerodendrum ternatum Schinz var. lanceolatum (Gürke) Moldenke
Common names: Dwarf cat's whiskers (English) Umalanjana (Ndebele) Umqotshanja (Ndebele)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Suffrutex growing from an extensive rhizomatous woody rootstock. Stems 1-many, up to c. 50 cm tall, unbranched or sparsely branched, woody at the base, covered in short whitish hairs. Leaves with an unpleasant smell when crushed, 3-whorled or opposite, subsessile, narrowly lanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 10 × 2.2 cm, hairy and gland-dotted below; margin with several spaced teeth in the upper half or entire. Flowers in c. 3-flowered axillary clusters, unpleasantly scented, white or creamy-white; corolla tube up to 4.5 cm long, abruptly funnel-shaped at the top; stamens mauve to deep purple, exserted up to 3.5 cm. Fruit deeply 4-lobed, c. 7 × 8 mm, black.
Derivation of specific name: ternatum: 3-whorled, referring to the leaves
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland, dry deciduous woodland and on Kalahari sand, often forming small colonies.
Altitude range: (metres) 390 - 1480 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2015

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9. As Clerodendrum ternatum ternatum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 77.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 340 - 341. under Verbenaceae (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 119 - 121.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 393. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 95. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 77.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 183.

Verdcourt, B. (1992). Verbenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 124 - 125. under Verbenaceae

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum ternatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Caprivi: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Malawi: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum ternatum
Flora of Zambia: Clerodendrum ternatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum ternatum
African Plant Database: Clerodendrum ternatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum ternatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum ternatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum ternatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum ternatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum ternatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum ternatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum ternatum
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum ternatum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum ternatum
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum ternatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Clerodendrum ternatum., retrieved 4 March 2024

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