7191.000 Clerodendrum L.


Yuan, Y.W., Mabberly, D.J., Steane, D.A. & Olmstead, R.G. (2010) Further disintegration and redefinition of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae): Implications for the understanding of the evolution of an intriguing breeding strategy Taxon 59(1) 125-133

Description of the genus

Trees, shrubs, subshrubs or lianes, usually strongly foetid when crushed. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3-4, simple. Flowers in lax cymes, panicles, corymbs or heads, rarely solitary. Calyx campanulate to tubular, truncate to 5-toothed. often accrescent in fruit, sometimes coloured and showy. Flower bud symmetrical, or if asymmetrical usually expanding on the upper side due to resupination; anterior corolla lobe only slightly (if at all) larger than the other 4. Corolla white, blue, violet or red; tube sometimes very long or only as long as the calyx. Stamens 4-5, didynamous, usually long-exserted; anthers dorsifixed. Ovary imperfectly 4-locular. Stigma 2-fid, exserted, the lobes equal. Fruit a drupe, often 4-grooved and ± (2-)4-lobed.

Worldwide: c. 400 species in tropical and warm countries

Zimbabwe: 8 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk) Food plant
Rhodogastria amasis (Tri-coloured tiger) Food plant
Clerodendrum ternatum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
buchneri GürkeE,SDescription, Image
cephalanthum Oliv. subsp. swynnertonii (S. Moore) Verdc.E,SDescription, Image
frutectorum S. MooreNDescription, Image
incisum Klotzsch[CR]EDescription, Image
pleiosciadium GürkeSDescription, Image
pusillum GürkeNDescription, Image
robustum Klotzsch var. robustum EDescription, Image
ternatum SchinzN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Clerodendrum
Flora of Caprivi: Clerodendrum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Malawi: Clerodendrum
Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Zambia: Clerodendrum
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Clerodendrum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Clerodendrum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1212, retrieved 14 April 2024

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