Clerodendrum cephalanthum Oliv.
subsp. swynnertonii (S. Moore) Verdc.

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Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge: on trail 1

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clerodendrum swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Woody climbing shrub or liana, up to 10 m with rather blunt straight or hook-like thorns on the stems to aid climbing. Leaves opposite, up to c. 18 × 10 cm, one leaf in a pair often larger than the other, elliptic-oblong to slightly ovate, hairless when mature, sometimes with dense hairs on the midrib below, 3-veined from the base, veins and midrib indented above, 3-4 pairs of lateral veins curving back onto each other to form a sub-marginal vein; margin usually entire, sometimes with 1-4 teeth on each side. Flowers in terminal heads, white, fragrant, showy but short-lived. Corolla tube slender, 3.5-5 cm long; anthers usually dark purple. Fruit glossy dark green, 4 lobed, 10-12 mm long, surrounded by the greenish or purple-red calyx lobes.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in submontane and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 100 - 1820 m
Flowering time:June
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 2 November 2005
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 845. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 23. As Clerodendrum swynnertonii

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Clerodendrum swynnertonii

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 104 - 108.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 183.


Other sources of information about Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii
Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
African Plant Database: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum cephalanthum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148990, retrieved 17 September 2019

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