Coleus caudatus (S.Moore) E.Downes & I.Darbysh.

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Coleus caudatus

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Chimanimani Mts

Coleus caudatus

Photo: Neil Crouch
Base camp to hut, Chimanimani N.P.

Coleus caudatus

Photo: Neil Crouch
Base camp to hut, Chimanimani N.P.

Coleus caudatus

Photo: Neil Crouch
Skeleton pass to Red Wall Cave, Chimanimani N.P.

Coleus caudatus

Photo: Neil Crouch
Skeleton pass to Red Wall Cave, Chimanimani N.P.

Coleus caudatus

Photo: Neil Crouch
Skeleton pass to Red Wall Cave, Chimanimani N.P.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Plectranthus caudatus S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Perennial herb up to 1 m tall, apparently not aromatic, with fleshy stems more or less sparsely hairy and with sessile pale glands. Leaves fleshy, broadly elliptic, 4-8 cm long, discolorous, darker and pubescent above, densely hairy and with pale sessile glands beneath; margin roughly crenate; petiole 0-2 mm long. Inflorescences densely-flowered and with flowers of short side branches pressed against the main axis; flowers ofthen on one side. Calyx 5-7 mm long, reddish with glandular hairs and pale sessile glands. Corolla 18-20 mm long, blue.
Derivation of specific name: caudatus: abruptly ending in a long tail-like tip
Habitat: Rocky areas in quartzite grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 1700 - 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from Chimanimani Mts, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 8 February 2011

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 44. as Plectranthus caudatus

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 78. as Plectranthus caudatus

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 88.

Downes, E. & Darbyshire I. (2017). Coleus namuliensis and Coleus caudatus (Lamiaceae): a new species and a new combination in the Afromontane flora of Mozambique and Zimbabwe Blumea journal of plant taxonomy and plant geography 62(3) Page 172.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 174. as Plectranthus caudatus

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 62. as Plectranthus caudatus

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 142. as Plectranthus caudatus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56. as Plectranthus caudatus

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 283 - 284. as Plectranthus caudatus (Includes a picture).

Paton, A.J., Mwanyambo, M., Govaerts, R.H.A., Smitha, K., Suddee, S., Phillipson, P.B., Wilson, T.C., Forster, P.I., Culham, A. (2019). Nomenclatural changes in Coleus and Plectranthus (Lamiaceae): a tale of more than two genera Phytokeys 129 Page 34.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 149. as Plectranthus caudatus

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93. as Plectranthus caudatus

Other sources of information about Coleus caudatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Coleus caudatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Coleus caudatus
African Plant Database: Coleus caudatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Coleus caudatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coleus caudatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Coleus caudatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Coleus caudatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coleus caudatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Coleus caudatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Coleus caudatus
Plants of the World Online: Coleus caudatus
Tropicos: Coleus caudatus
Wikipedia: Coleus caudatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Coleus caudatus., retrieved 30 November 2023

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