Sesamothamnus lugardii N.E. Br. ex Stapf

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Sesamothamnus lugardii

Photo: Jean-Pierre Félu

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Synonyms: Sesamothamnus seineri Engl.
Common names: Isibuywana (Ndebele) Sesame bush (English) Transvaal sesame bush (English)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Multi-stemmed, succulent, spiny shrubs or small trees. Trunk swollen at base. Leaves obovate, alternate and petiolate on long shoots, sessile and fasciculate on short shoots; folded upwards along the mid rib, green above, much paler below, covered in short greyish hairs on both surfaces. Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, large, white, pink or cream. Corolla with long curved tube and with spur at base. Stamens 4. Fruit a flattened woody capsule, notched at the base. Seeds winged.
Derivation of specific name: lugardii: after Major Edward James Lugard (1865-1957), British-born plant collector who collected extensively in Botswana.
Habitat: in arid rocky scrub on calcareous soils.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 26 April 2006

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 881. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273.

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988). Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 87 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 92.

Other sources of information about Sesamothamnus lugardii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sesamothamnus lugardii
Flora of Mozambique: Sesamothamnus lugardii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sesamothamnus lugardii
African Plant Database: Sesamothamnus lugardii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sesamothamnus lugardii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sesamothamnus lugardii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sesamothamnus lugardii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sesamothamnus lugardii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sesamothamnus lugardii
JSTOR Plant Science: Sesamothamnus lugardii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sesamothamnus lugardii
Plants of the World Online: Sesamothamnus lugardii
Tropicos: Sesamothamnus lugardii
Wikipedia: Sesamothamnus lugardii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sesamothamnus lugardii., retrieved 21 May 2024

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