Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau

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Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd at Cloudlands

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd at Cloudlands

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Aberfoyle Club, nr Golf Course

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Mark Hyde
Rathmore Estate, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Brillantaisia grandidentata S. Moore
Brillantaisia kirungae Lindau
Brillantaisia subulugurica Burkill
Brillantaisia ulugurica Lindau
Common names: Giant salvia (English)
Frequency: Locally common in the Eastern Highlands
Status: Native
Soft-wooded aromatic shrub or even rarely a small tree, up to 5 m tall. Leaves opposite, more or less broadly ovate, sometimes purple-tinged, 10-40 cm long, often cordate at the base but lamina running back down into a winged petiole; margin coarsely toothed with small and large teeth. Flowers in a more or less open, branched purplish inflorescence, 10-40 cm long. Corolla pale to bright blue, mauve, violet or purple, 2 lipped; upper lip 25-52 mm long, covered with purplish glandular hairs; lower lip 17-40 mm long, 3-lobed. Capsule 25-45 mm long, glandular-hairy.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Usually in wet depressions in the understory and at the margins of evergreen forest, often forming extensive colonies.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 1610 m
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Salamis parhassus (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 1 February 2010

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 48. as Brillantaisia kirungae (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10. As Brillantaisia ulugunica

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 18. as Brillantaisia grandidentata

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 21. As Brillantaisia ulugurica

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273. As Brillantaisia subulugurica

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13. as Brillantaisia subulugurica

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 76. As Brillantaisia species?

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 33. as Brillantaisia kirungae

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Vollesen, K. (2009). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 159 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 103 - 105. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 87.

Other sources of information about Brillantaisia cicatricosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora of Mozambique: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora of Zambia: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brillantaisia cicatricosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
African Plant Database: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
iNaturalist: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Plants of the World Online: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Tropicos: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Wikipedia: Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brillantaisia cicatricosa., retrieved 21 October 2021

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