Vernonia calvoana (Hook.f.) Hook.f.
subsp. meridionalis (Wild) C. Jeffrey

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Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
In cultivation in a wild area at Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Baccharoides calvoana (Hook. f.) Isawumi, El-Ghazaly & B. Nord. subsp. meridionalis (Wild) Isawumi, El-Ghazaly & B. Nord.
Vernonia hymenolepis A. Rich. subsp. meridionalis Wild
Vernonia leucocalyx sensu Coates Palgrave (1983)
Common names: Long-flowering vernonia (English)
Frequency: Common in the E Highlands
Status: Native
Shrub, up to 4 m high. Leaves lanceolate to ovate up to 16 × 6 cm, rough and puckered above with scattered hairs, pale greyish-green and more or less densely hairy below; base decurrent, sometimes appearing winged; margin irregularly toothed. Capitula in dense terminal heads, surrounded by several series of papery white, petal-like involucral bracts. Florets mauve-purple.
Notes: This species is known to bear some flowers at any time of the year
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Along roadsides, in grassland and on forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Zimbabwe and adjacent areas in Mozambique, including Mt Gorongosa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 26 February 2014

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1026. As Baccharoides calvoana subsp. meridionalis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57. As Vernonia calvoana meridonalis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277. as Vernonia bracteosa

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 126 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 84. As Vernonia leucocalyx

Wild, H. (1978). New and interesting Vernonia species from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 11(1) Pages 15 - 16. as Vernonia hymenolepis subsp. meridionalis

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 90.

Other sources of information about Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia calvoana
African Plant Database: Vernonia calvoana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia calvoana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia calvoana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernonia calvoana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernonia calvoana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia calvoana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vernonia calvoana
iNaturalist: Vernonia calvoana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia calvoana
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia calvoana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernonia calvoana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia calvoana
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia calvoana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vernonia calvoana
Tropicos: Vernonia calvoana
Wikipedia: Vernonia calvoana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vernonia calvoana subsp. meridionalis., retrieved 8 August 2020

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