Ficus natalensis Hochst.
subsp. natalensis

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Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Lusaka, grown from seed collected from Kitwe.

Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Lusaka, grown from seed collected from Kitwe.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus natalensis Hochst. var. pedunculata Sim
Urostigma natalense (Hochst.) Miq.
Common names: Idotsi (Ndebele) Inkiwane (Ndebele) Mutsamvi (Shona) Natal fig (English)
Status: Native
Tree to 20 m tall. Aerial roots few or abundant. Leaves alternate or subopposite; lamina 3-9 × 1-4 cm, coriaceous, often obovate but sometimes elliptic or oblong-elliptic, dark green above, paler beneath, glabrous; apex rounded to acute or shortly acuminate; base cuneate; petiole 7 - 30 mm long. Fruit axillary, 10-20 mm in diameter, glabrous, spherical or pear-shaped, becoming pink or bright red when ripe; ostiole flat or faintly raised; basal disk 0; peduncle 3-12 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: natalensis: of Natal
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, including miombo woodland, riverine forest, afromontane and low altitude evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Senegal, Gabon, DRC, Sudan, Angola, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo)
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele accentifera (Food plant)
Elisabethiella socotrensis (Pollinated by this insect)
Alfonsiella longiscapa (Pollinated by this insect)
Asota speciosa (Larval foodplant)
Glyphodes stolalis (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 66 - 67.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 176 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 89. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 145.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus natalensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis
Flora of Malawi: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis
Flora of Zambia: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus natalensis
African Plant Database: Ficus natalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus natalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus natalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus natalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus natalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus natalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus natalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus natalensis
Plants of the World Online: Ficus natalensis
Tropicos: Ficus natalensis
Wikipedia: Ficus natalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis., retrieved 16 June 2024

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