Ficus rokko Warb. & Schweinf.

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Ficus rokko

Photo: Bart Wursten
Eastern slopes above upper Nhandar River valley, Mt Gorongosa

Ficus rokko

Photo: Bart Wursten
Eastern slopes above upper Nhandar River valley, Mt Gorongosa

Ficus rokko

Photo: Bart Wursten
Eastern slopes above upper Nhandar River valley, Mt Gorongosa

Ficus rokko

Photo: Bart Wursten
Eastern slopes above upper Nhandar River valley, Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus thonningii Blume p.p.
Common names: Giant forest fig (English)
Frequency: Local and occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Large evergreen tree, up to 40 m high, starting as a hemi-epiphytic strangler but eventually free-standing. Stem often with numerous aerial roots eventually forming supporting pillars. Bark fairly smooth, pale to dark grey, sometimes mottled. Leaves thinly leathery and stiff, elliptic or slightly obovate, 5-12 cm long, dull glossy dark-green above, paler beneath, hairless on both surfaces; lateral veins and midrib raised and yellowish above not raised beneath, finer veins indistinct; apex rounded or finely pointed; margin entire; petiole 14-32 mm long, hairless. Fruit sessile, singly or in pairs in the leaf axils, sometimes below the current leaves, mostly globose, 10-15 mm in diameter, hairless, yellowish-green with small warts, bright red or pinkish when ripe; ostiole not or slightly raised.
Notes: Similar to Ficus burkei and mainly differing in darker, completely hairless leaves, which are broader, widest in the middle and more rounded at both base and apex. It generally becomes a much larger tree with numerous aerial rooks and is more restricted to high rainfall areas of woodland and forest.
Derivation of specific name: rokko: a vernacular name used by the Niam-niam in northeastern DRC, where it was first collected.
Habitat: In montane evergreen forest, riverine forest and occasionally in high rainfall Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Figs borne at most times of the year on different specimens.
Worldwide distribution: From Guinea to Angola, DRC, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Also on Sâo Tomé and Cape Verde.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 22 June 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 150 - 152. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 87. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 147.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 89.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.


Other sources of information about Ficus rokko:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus rokko
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus rokko

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus rokko
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus rokko
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus rokko
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus rokko
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus rokko
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus rokko
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus rokko
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus rokko
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus rokko
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus rokko
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus rokko
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus rokko
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus rokko
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus rokko
Tropicos: Ficus rokko


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus rokko.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164680, retrieved 17 December 2018

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