Vitex trifolia L.
var. bicolor (Willd.) Moldenke

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Vitex trifolia var. bicolor

Photo: Mark Hyde
Caribbea Bay, Kariba, cottages

Vitex trifolia var. bicolor

Photo: Mark Hyde
Caribbea Bay, Kariba, cottages

Vitex trifolia var. bicolor

Photo: Mark Hyde
Caribbea Bay, Kariba, cottages

Vitex trifolia var. bicolor

Photo: Mark Hyde
Caribbea Bay, Kariba, cottages

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vitex bicolor Willd.
Vitex negundo L.
Common names: Indian lilac (English) Simple-leaf chaste-tree (English)
Frequency:
Status: Cultivated and rarely naturalised
Description:
Shrub to 3 m. Leaves 3-foliolate below, often 1-foliolate towards the stem apices. Leaflets discolourous, glabrous above, tomentose below, usually variegated. Inflorescences of compound panicles, terminal or axillary in the upper leaf axils. Flowers blue.
Notes: This shrub is commonly planted in Zimbabwean gardens and does not generally appear to escape. However, we have one record (no. 102428 dated 22 August 2009) where it appeared to be very well naturalised on a slope below the gardens of the Caribbaea Bay Hotel near Kariba.
Derivation of specific name: trifolia: leaves with 3 leaflets (although often only 1 in this species)
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to the Indian subcontinent and SE Asia; possibly also native in East Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 6 August 2019
Literature:

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Page 74.


Other sources of information about Vitex trifolia var. bicolor:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Vitex trifolia var. bicolor
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Vitex trifolia var. bicolor

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex trifolia
African Plant Database: Vitex trifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex trifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex trifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vitex trifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vitex trifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex trifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vitex trifolia
iNaturalist: Vitex trifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex trifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex trifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vitex trifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex trifolia
Plants of the World Online: Vitex trifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vitex trifolia
Tropicos: Vitex trifolia
Wikipedia: Vitex trifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vitex trifolia var. bicolor.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=175460, retrieved 20 October 2019

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