Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn.

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Hyphaene coriacea

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Hyphaene coriacea

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

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Synonyms: Hyphaene crinita auct.
Hyphaene natalensis Kunze
Hyphaene ovata Furtado
Common names: Murara (Shona) Muzira (Shona) Real fan palm (English) Southern ilala palm (English)
Status: Native
Palm tree. Stems erect or somewhat reclining, often suckering to form clumps. Leaves crowded on top of the stem, fan-shaped, up to 2.5 m including the petiole. Petiole armed with recurved thorns. Male and female flowers on different trees; male flowers in short spikes; female flowers in large sprays, which develop into branched trusses of fruits. Fruits distinctly pear-shaped up to 6 cm long. This species is very similar to the closely related H. petersiana and there is some debate about the exact taxonomic status of the two. H. petersiana differs mainly in the fruit being spherical. The trees of that species appear to be non-suckering and generally taller, although in areas where the trees experience little damage from elephants or man tall erect specimens of H. coriacea are not uncommon.
Derivation of specific name: coriacea: leathery
Habitat: Occurring near pans and floodplains but also away from rivers.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Somalia to northern South Africa. Generally more easterly than H. petersiana.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 9 June 2010

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 52. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 99.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 120.

Dransfield, J. (2010). Arecaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 58 - 60. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232. As Hyphaene natalensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85. as Hyphaene petersiana pro parte

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 114.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 24.

Other sources of information about Hyphaene coriacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyphaene coriacea
Flora of Mozambique: Hyphaene coriacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyphaene coriacea
African Plant Database: Hyphaene coriacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyphaene coriacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyphaene coriacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyphaene coriacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hyphaene coriacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyphaene coriacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyphaene coriacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyphaene coriacea
Plants of the World Online: Hyphaene coriacea
Tropicos: Hyphaene coriacea
Wikipedia: Hyphaene coriacea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hyphaene coriacea.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=181360, retrieved 16 June 2024

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