Tridactyle hurungweensis W. Fibeck

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Synonyms: Tridactyle bicaudata sensu LaCroix & Cribb in Flora Zambesiaca 11-2:451, 1998, non (Lindl.) Schltr.
Tridactyle latifolia sensu J. Ball in Southern Afr. Epiphytic Orchids: 224, 1978, non Summerh.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Robust epiphytic herb, with 1 to numerous erect or pendent stems, 20-70 cm long, sometimes forming big clumps. Roots arising only from the base, 6-9 mm in diameter, branching. Leaves distichous, linear, 8-13 cm long, slightly curved, fleshy and stiff, V-shaped in cross-section, unequally bilobed at the apex. Inflorescences arising along the leafless stem and between the leaves, 60-90 mm long and horizontally held, up to 20-flowered, arranged in 2 rows. Flowers 6-7 mm in diameter, pale green or pale orange, scented during day-time; sepals ovate, c. 3 mm long; petals oblong, c. 3 mm long; lip c. 3 mm long, 3-lobed at about halfway, mid-lobe triangular, side lobes spreading and fimbriated at the apex; spur about 9-10 mm long, straight.
Notes: This species is similar to Tridactyle bicaudata but differs in smaller, differently coloured and scented flowers, more robust and more succulent plant habit.
Derivation of specific name: hurungweensis: of the Hurungwe District in northwestern Zimbabwe.
Habitat: Epiphyte in open miombo woodland and gallery forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1300 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Only known from northwestern Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 224 - 225. as Tridactyle latifolia

Fibeck, W. (2016). Tridactyle hurungweensis – A new species from northern Zimbabwe Die Orchidee 2(7) Pages 1 - 6. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 86. as Tridactyle ?latifolia

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 451. included under Tridactyle bicaudata

Other sources of information about Tridactyle hurungweensis :

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tridactyle hurungweensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tridactyle hurungweensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridactyle hurungweensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tridactyle hurungweensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tridactyle hurungweensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridactyle hurungweensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridactyle hurungweensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tridactyle hurungweensis
Plants of the World Online: Tridactyle hurungweensis
Tropicos: Tridactyle hurungweensis
Wikipedia: Tridactyle hurungweensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tridactyle hurungweensis ., retrieved 5 March 2024

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