Solanum campylacanthum (extremely different form)

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Solanum campylacanthum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Solanum campylacanthum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Solanum campylacanthum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum campylacanthum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Solanum campylacanthum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Solanum bojeri Dunal
Solanum delagoense Dunal
Solanum incanum sensu aucct. pro parte
Solanum panduriforme E. Mey.
Common names: Bitter apple (English) Intume (Ndebele) Munhomboro (Shona) Munhundurwa (Shona) Poison apple (English) Snake apple (English) Sodom apple (English) Thorn apple (English) Umdulukwa (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Probably native
Description:
This shows the other extreme of the variability in Solanum campylacanthum which is armed on most parts, including the leaves broadly ovate with margin deeply lobed with broadly triangular or rounded lobes and prickles on the midrib and lateral veins.
Notes: The fruits are poisonous and used as a traditional medicine for many ailments.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Mostly as a weed of disturbed and overgrazed areas and road sides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Of unknown origin but now widespread in eastern and southern Africa, this form appears to be far less common than the unarmed, weedy form.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 12 September 2006
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272.

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 112 - 116. as Solanum incanum

Knapp, S., Vorontsova, M. S. & Prohens, J. (2013). Wild Relatives of the Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.: Solanaceae): New Understanding of Species Names in a Complex Group

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 106. as Solanum delagoense

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 52 - 53. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Solanum campylacanthum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Solanum campylacanthum
Flora of Caprivi: Solanum campylacanthum
Flora of Malawi: Solanum campylacanthum
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum campylacanthum
Flora of Zambia: Solanum campylacanthum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Solanum campylacanthum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Solanum campylacanthum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum campylacanthum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum campylacanthum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum campylacanthum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanum campylacanthum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum campylacanthum
Ispot Southern Africa : Solanum campylacanthum
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum campylacanthum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum campylacanthum
Tropicos: Solanum campylacanthum
West African Plants database: Solanum campylacanthum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum campylacanthum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150670, retrieved 26 July 2016

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