Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Rosaceae - Rose family

Mendes, E.J. (1978) Rosaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or herbs. Stipules present. Leaves alternate (in ours), opposite or whorled, simple or compound. Flowers actinomorphic, usually bisexual, perigynous or epigynous. Calyx lobes usually 5; epicalyx sometimes present (Alchemilla). Petals as many as calyx lobes, rarely 0 (Alchemilla). Stamens usually numerous. Carpels 1-many, free or connate; ovules usually 2, rarely 1 or several. Fruit an achene, drupe, follicle or pome, very rarely a capsule.

Comment: In Zimbabwe, a family with a high proportion of introduced species.

Worldwide: 95 genera and 2,825 species, ± cosmopolitan but especially in the temperate and warm northern hemisphere.

Zimbabwe: 20 cultivated genera and 49 cultivated taxa.

Duchesnea indica

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Chaenomeles Lindl.
Cotoneaster Medik.Description, Image
Crataegus L.Description
Cydonia Mill.Description
Duchesnea Sm.Description, Image
Eriobotrya Lindl.Description
Exochorda Lindl.
Fragaria L.Description
Kerria DC.
Malus Mill.Description
Photinia Lindl.
Prunus L.Description
Pyracantha M. Roem.Description, Image
Pyrus L.Description, Image
Quillaja Molina
Rhaphiolepis Lindl.Description
Rosa L.Description
Rubus L.Description, Image
Sorbaria (Ser. ex DC.) A. Braun
Spiraea L.Description

Other sources of information about Rosaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rosaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Rosaceae
Flora of Malawi: Rosaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Rosaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Rosaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Rosaceae
Flora of Zambia: Rosaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rosaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rosaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rosaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rosaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rosaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rosaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rosaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Rosaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rosaceae
Wikipedia: Rosaceae
Plants of the World Online: Rosaceae
Tropicos: Rosaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Rosaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=197, retrieved 16 April 2024

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