G.485. Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb.


Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis; spikelets single and adaxial, paired or rarely in fascicles. Spikelets plump, obtuse to acute; sometimes the lowest internode elongated and then forming a short stipe (B. nigropedata) lower glume usually shorter than spikelet; lower lemma awnless (rarely in B. nigropedata and B. serrata with a short awn point); upper lemma as long as the spikelet, coriaceous to crustaceous; apex acute, obtuse or rarely mucronulate.

Worldwide: c. 100 species in warm regions, mainly Africa

Zimbabwe: 20 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Lined pearl) Larval foodplant
Brachiaria nigropedata

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arrecta (T. Durand & Schinz) StentN,W,C,EDescription, Image
bovonei (Chiov.) RobynsN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
brizantha (A. Rich.) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
deflexa (Schumach.) RobynsN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
dura StapfW
eruciformis (J.E. Sm.) Griseb.N,W,C,E,S
grossa StapfN,W,C,E,S
humidicola (Rendle) Schweick.N,W,C,E,S
jubata (Fig. & De Not.) StapfN,W,C
leucacrantha (K. Schum.) StapfW
malacodes (Mez & K. Schum.) ScholzN
nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
ramosa (L.) StapfN,W,C,E,S
rugulosa StapfN
scalaris Pilg.E
serrata (Thunb.) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
serrifolia (Hochst.) StapfE,S
subulifolia (Mez) ClaytonN,W,C,E
umbellata (Trin.) ClaytonE
xantholeuca (Schinz) StapfN,W,C,E,SImage

Other sources of information about Brachiaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria
Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria
Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brachiaria

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachiaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachiaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Brachiaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachiaria
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachiaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Brachiaria.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=197, retrieved 19 July 2019

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