G.485. Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb.


Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis; spikelets single and adaxial, paired or rarely in fascicles. Spikelets plump, obtuse to acute; sometimes the lowest internode elongated and then forming a short stipe (B. nigropedata) lower glume usually shorter than spikelet; lower lemma awnless (rarely in B. nigropedata and B. serrata with a short awn point); upper lemma as long as the spikelet, coriaceous to crustaceous; apex acute, obtuse or rarely mucronulate.

Worldwide: c. 100 species in warm regions, mainly Africa

Zimbabwe: 20 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Lined pearl) Larval foodplant
Brachiaria nigropedata

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arrecta (T. Durand & Schinz) StentN,W,C,EDescription, Image
bovonei (Chiov.) RobynsN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
brizantha (A. Rich.) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
deflexa (Schumach.) RobynsN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription
dura StapfWDescription
eruciformis (J.E. Sm.) Griseb.N,W,C,E,SDescription
grossa StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription
jubata (Fig. & De Not.) StapfN,W,CDescription
leucacrantha (K. Schum.) StapfWDescription
malacodes (Mez & K. Schum.) ScholzNDescription
nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
ramosa (L.) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription
rugulosa StapfNDescription
scalaris Pilg.EDescription
serrata (Thunb.) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
serrifolia (Hochst.) StapfE,SDescription
subulifolia (Mez) ClaytonN,W,C,EDescription
umbellata (Trin.) ClaytonEDescription
xantholeuca (Schinz) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Brachiaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria
Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria
Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brachiaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachiaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria
Tropicos: Brachiaria
Wikipedia: Brachiaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Brachiaria.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=197, retrieved 11 December 2023

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