Centrostigma papillosum Summerh.

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Centrostigma papillosum

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba.

Centrostigma papillosum

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Rather slender herb 40–65 cm tall, drying dark brown or almost black with ellipsoid tubers. Leaves 6–8, along the stem, lowest sheathing, lanceolate, up to c. 9 cm long. Inflorescence laxly 2–12-flowered, 11–20 cm long. Flowers green. Dorsal sepal erect, ovate, 10.5–12 mm long, convex; lateral sepals sharply reflexed and curled, obliquely lanceolate, 10–11 mm long. Petals lanceolate, 7–12 mm long, usually with a small lateral lobe near the base, lying inside dorsal sepal. Lip 3-lobed; claw 2–4 mm long; mid-lobe linear, 10–13 mm long, reflexed; side lobes 10–13 mm long, projecting forward, dentate at the apex. Spur 20–25 mm long, tucked into bract.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dambos and other marshy areas
Altitude range: (metres) 1300 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 2 March 2020

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 26 - 27. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 55.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 50.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 44. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1956). African orchids XXIII Kew Bulletin 11(2) Pages 219 - 221. Protologue

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 76 - 77. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Centrostigma papillosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Centrostigma papillosum
Flora of Zambia: Centrostigma papillosum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Centrostigma papillosum
African Plant Database: Centrostigma papillosum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Centrostigma papillosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Centrostigma papillosum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Centrostigma papillosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Centrostigma papillosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Centrostigma papillosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Centrostigma papillosum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Centrostigma papillosum
Plants of the World Online: Centrostigma papillosum
Tropicos: Centrostigma papillosum
Wikipedia: Centrostigma papillosum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Centrostigma papillosum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116540, retrieved 21 April 2024

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