Sophora velutina Lindl.
subsp. zimbabweensis J.B. Gillett & Brummitt

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Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Uncertain
Description:
Shrub, up to 2.5 m. Leaves with 6-13 pairs of leaflets; leaflets 1.2 - 4 cm long, ovate to elliptic, slightly asymmetric; ± glabrous on upper surface; margin often inrolled beneath. Flowers in terminal racemes. Bracts 3 mm, linear. Calyx campanulate, with conspicuous teeth, c. 2 mm long. Petals creamy-white. Pods beaded with 1-4 seeds.
Notes: It is closely related to the typical species which grows in Asia (SW China, NE and W India, Indonesia and Timor). It has been suggested that it might be a descendant variety of a plant introduced centuries ago through trading contacts during the peak of the Zimbabwe culture.
Derivation of specific name: velutina: velvety
Habitat: In woodland on stony, red soil.
Altitude range: (metres) 1150 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known only from a few localities in the area around Great Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 January 2016
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K. & Gillett, J.B. (1966). Notes on the genus Sophora in Africa, including an Asian species found near Zimbabwe Kirkia 5(2) Pages 259 - 264.

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Page 41.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 226.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 244. As Sophora velutina


Other sources of information about Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sophora velutina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sophora velutina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sophora velutina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sophora velutina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sophora velutina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sophora velutina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sophora velutina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sophora velutina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sophora velutina
Ispot Southern Africa: Sophora velutina
JSTOR Plant Science: Sophora velutina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sophora velutina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sophora velutina
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sophora velutina
Tropicos: Sophora velutina


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127260, retrieved 26 March 2019

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