Sophora velutina Lindl.
subsp. zimbabweensis J.B. Gillett & Brummitt

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Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Uncertain
Description:
Shrub, up to 2.5 m. Leaves with 6-13 pairs of leaflets; leaflets 1.2 - 4 cm long, ovate to elliptic, slightly asymmetric; ± glabrous on upper surface; margin often inrolled beneath. Flowers in terminal racemes. Bracts 3 mm, linear. Calyx campanulate, with conspicuous teeth, c. 2 mm long. Petals creamy-white. Pods beaded with 1-4 seeds.
Notes: It is closely related to the typical species which grows in Asia (SW China, NE and W India, Indonesia and Timor). It has been suggested that it might be a descendant variety of a plant introduced centuries ago through trading contacts during the peak of the Zimbabwe culture.
Derivation of specific name: velutina: velvety
Habitat: In woodland on stony, red soil.
Altitude range: (metres) 1150 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known only from a few localities in the area around Great Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 January 2016
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K. & Gillett, J.B. (1966). Notes on the genus Sophora in Africa, including an Asian species found near Zimbabwe Kirkia 5(2) Pages 259 - 264.

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Page 41.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 226.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 244. As Sophora velutina

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 180.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 141.


Other sources of information about Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sophora velutina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sophora velutina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sophora velutina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sophora velutina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sophora velutina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sophora velutina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sophora velutina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sophora velutina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sophora velutina
Ispot Southern Africa: Sophora velutina
JSTOR Plant Science: Sophora velutina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sophora velutina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sophora velutina
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sophora velutina
Tropicos: Sophora velutina


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sophora velutina subsp. zimbabweensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127260, retrieved 18 June 2019

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