Otholobium foliosum (Oliv.) C.H. Stirt.
subsp. gazense (Baker f.) Verdc.

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Otholobium foliosum subsp. gazense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castle Beacon, Vumba

Otholobium foliosum subsp. gazense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castle Beacon, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Psoralea foliosa Oliv.
Common names:
Frequency: Common in the wetter parts of the E Highlands; one isolated record from the C Division.
Status: Native
Small shrub, 1-3 m tall. Branchlets densely pubescent. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate to oblanceolate, up to 3.5 cm long, rounded to notched at the apex with a small recurved mucronate tip, densely gland-dotted on both surfaces; margin entire. Flowers in dense axillary and sub-terminal heads; standard white to pale mauve-blue with a darker purple centre or purple veining; keel purple with yellow glands at the tip. Pod up to 7 × 4 mm, papery, minutely velvety.
Derivation of specific name: foliosum: leafy
Habitat: At the edges of evergreen forest and montane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 11 October 2008

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 324. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 41. As Otholobium foliosum

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 86.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 225. as Psoralea foliosa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 245. As Psoralea foliosa

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 50.

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 46 - 48. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Otholobium foliosum subsp. gazense:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Otholobium foliosum subsp. gazense
Flora of Zambia: Otholobium foliosum subsp. gazense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Otholobium foliosum
African Plant Database: Otholobium foliosum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Otholobium foliosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Otholobium foliosum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Otholobium foliosum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Otholobium foliosum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Otholobium foliosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Otholobium foliosum
iNaturalist: Otholobium foliosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Otholobium foliosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Otholobium foliosum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Otholobium foliosum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Otholobium foliosum
Plants of the World Online: Otholobium foliosum
Tropicos: Otholobium foliosum
Wikipedia: Otholobium foliosum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Otholobium foliosum subsp. gazense.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=129540, retrieved 21 September 2021

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