Rhynchosia clivorum S. Moore
subsp. pycnantha (Harms) Verdc.

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Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Flemingia macrocalyx Baker f.
Rhynchosia pycnantha Harms
Common names: Mountain rhychosia (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or sometimes a small tree, 1-4 m tall. Bark smooth, dark greyish or reddish-brown; younger parts densely covered in long tawny hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets round, oblong-elliptic to narrowly ovate, 2.5-11cm long, covered in velvety hairs on both surfaces, more densely so on young leaves, surface wrinkled above, net-veining conspicuous beneath and dotted with glands; stipules large and conspicuous, sheath-like, reddish-brown. Inflorescences dense, terminal, c. 4-6 cm long, most parts covered in long silvery hairs. Flowers bright yellow to greenish-yellow; standard often streaked maroon outside. Pods flattened, up to 2.5 × 0.8 cm, densely covered in yellowish silky hairs, valves spiralling when splitting.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane grassland, bracken scrub and along forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) 950 - 2200 m
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: DRC, southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 4 September 2011

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 167.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. As Rhynchosia clivorum clivorum

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 225. as Rhynchosia clivorum

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. As Rhynchosia clivorum

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 178 - 179.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 102.

Other sources of information about Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha
Flora of Mozambique: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha
Flora of Zambia: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhynchosia clivorum
African Plant Database: Rhynchosia clivorum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhynchosia clivorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhynchosia clivorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia clivorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhynchosia clivorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhynchosia clivorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhynchosia clivorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Rhynchosia clivorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia clivorum
Ispot Southern Africa: Rhynchosia clivorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia clivorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhynchosia clivorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhynchosia clivorum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Rhynchosia clivorum
Tropicos: Rhynchosia clivorum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131660, retrieved 19 July 2018

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