Macaranga capensis (Baill.) Benth. ex Sim

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Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Aberfoyle Tea Estates, Honde Valley

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Mallotus capensis (Baill.) Müll.
Mappa capensis Baill.
Common names: Mufukusha (Shona) Munyakomo (Shona) Musoswe (Shona) River macaranga (English) Spiny macaranga (English) Wild poplar (English)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Medium to large tree. Bark pale grey, smooth with whitish horizontal markings; trunk often buttressed in large specimens; branches often armed with short spines. Leaves spirally arranged, broadly ovate, up to 20 × 25 cm, more or less deeply cordate and often peltate at the base, 5-11-veined from the base, densely golden-gland dotted below; margin glandular-dentate to almost entire. Flowers in branched racemose inflorescences, greenish to creamy-yellow, unisexual, on different trees. Fruit subspherical, rarely 2-lobed, up to 6 × 10 mm, covered in yellowish-green glands when young, smooth, hairless and green when ripe.
Notes: For distinctions between this species and the similar Macaranga mellifera, see the species key on the genus page.

See also Croton sylvaticus for comparison

The status of the record from the Central Division is discussed in Note 1.
Derivation of specific name: capensis : of the Cape
Habitat: In evergreen forest and along stream banks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From southern Ethiopia south to South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 24 September 2006

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 146. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 508.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 57.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 49.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 164 - 165.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 87.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 188 - 189. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 254 - 255. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 92.

Other sources of information about Macaranga capensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Macaranga capensis
Flora of Mozambique: Macaranga capensis
Flora of Zambia: Macaranga capensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Macaranga capensis
African Plant Database: Macaranga capensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Macaranga capensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Macaranga capensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Macaranga capensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Macaranga capensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Macaranga capensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Macaranga capensis
iNaturalist: Macaranga capensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Macaranga capensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Macaranga capensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Macaranga capensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Macaranga capensis
Plants of the World Online: Macaranga capensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Macaranga capensis
Tropicos: Macaranga capensis
Wikipedia: Macaranga capensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Macaranga capensis., retrieved 18 January 2020

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