Macaranga mellifera Prain

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Macaranga mellifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloudlands, Vumba

Macaranga mellifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Macaranga mellifera

Photo: Bart Wursten

Macaranga mellifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mountain macaranga (English) Mountain poplar (English)
Frequency: Common in suitable habitats
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Leaves spirally arranged, ovate to elliptic-ovate, 8 - 20 cm long, slightly leathery with 2 small crater-like glands at the base above (photo 4) and densely dotted with small golden glands below, 3-5-veined from the base, mostly hairless except for long hairs on the lower part of the midrib; margin more or less closely glandular-dentate; petiole up to 12 cm long, thickened near the base of the leaf. Flowers in branched axillary racemose inflorescences, greenish or creamy-yellow, unisexual, mostly on different trees. Fruit subspherical, c. 4 × 4 mm, pale yellowish-green with several darker green pointed fleshy warts.
Notes: For distinctions between this species and the similar M. capensis, see the species key on the genus page.M. mellifera may also be confused with Croton sylvaticus; see that species for the differences.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In montane forest. It is one of the dominant pioneer species in secondary forest and at forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1900 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Confined to the FZ area: Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 24 September 2006

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 162 - 164. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 37. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 87 - 88.

Other sources of information about Macaranga mellifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Macaranga mellifera
Flora of Mozambique: Macaranga mellifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Macaranga mellifera
African Plant Database: Macaranga mellifera
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Macaranga mellifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Macaranga mellifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Macaranga mellifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Macaranga mellifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Macaranga mellifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Macaranga mellifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Macaranga mellifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Macaranga mellifera
Ispot Southern Africa: Macaranga mellifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Macaranga mellifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Macaranga mellifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Macaranga mellifera
The Plant List (version 1.1): Macaranga mellifera
Tropicos: Macaranga mellifera

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Macaranga mellifera., retrieved 20 March 2018

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